By Marilyn Friedman
Ladies have traditionally been avoided from residing autonomously by way of systematic injustice, subordination, and oppression. The lingering results of those practices have triggered many feminists to view autonomy with suspicion. the following, Marilyn Friedman defends the best of feminist autonomy. In her eyes, habit is self sufficient if it accords with the wishes, cares, values, or commitments that the actor has reaffirmed and is ready to maintain within the face of competition. by way of her account, autonomy is socially grounded but additionally individualizing and infrequently socially disruptive, features that may be eventually useful for ladies. Friedman applies the concept that of autonomy to domain names of exact curiosity to ladies. She defends the significance of autonomy in romantic love, considers how social associations may still reply to girls who decide to stay in abusive relationships, and argues that liberal societies should still tolerate minority cultural practices that violate women's rights as long as the ladies in query have selected autonomously to reside in keeping with these practices.
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Additional resources for Autonomy, Gender, Politics (Studies in Feminist Philosophy)
What seems to be a self, if actual at all, is actually something else. 2 The claim that there are no such things as selves, if true, would undermine the entire autonomy project. Autonomy is self-determination. Obviously, if there were no selves, then there would be no selves who could determine themselves. As self-determination, autonomy requires a being that is a distinct 30 AUTONOMY AND ITS DISCONTENTS 31 self. Selves must be numerically distinct from others of the same sort and must be separately identiﬁable as actors, agents, or authors of choice and behavior in the world.
2 The claim that there are no such things as selves, if true, would undermine the entire autonomy project. Autonomy is self-determination. Obviously, if there were no selves, then there would be no selves who could determine themselves. As self-determination, autonomy requires a being that is a distinct 30 AUTONOMY AND ITS DISCONTENTS 31 self. Selves must be numerically distinct from others of the same sort and must be separately identiﬁable as actors, agents, or authors of choice and behavior in the world.
Indeed, the original meaning of autonomy applied to states, governing collectivities, that were free of the political domination of other states. 17 It is particularly the former three of these conditions that my account of personal autonomy emphasizes. Personal autonomy is thus a product of social conditions of various kinds, both those that contribute to socializing someone as a self with autonomy-conferring character traits and behavioral competencies (the ﬁrst two conditions above) and those conditions that a person subsequently encounters and engages as someone with an already formed, though still revisable, character and set of concerns (the third condition above).