By Wan Azlina Ahmad, Wan Yunus Wan Ahmad, Zainul Akmar Zakaria, Nur Zulaikha Yusof
Environmental matters relating to non-stop use of man-made dyes observed a revival within the call for for ordinary dyes as traditional dyes show larger biodegradability and usually have the next compatibility with the surroundings. even though, one of many barriers at the use of normal dyes or pigments is the low extraction yield components (a few grams of pigment according to kg of dried uncooked material). for this reason, the exploitation of different organic resources comparable to fungi, micro organism and mobilephone cultures deals attention-grabbing substitute. Microbial pigments comparable to from bacterial origins supply the virtue by way of creation in comparison to pigments extracted from greens or animals, because of its easy mobilephone and quick culturing process. This publication bargains fascinating perception into preliminary works conducted to illustrate the capability use of bacterial pigment as colorant for numerous applications.
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Extra resources for Application of Bacterial Pigments as Colorant: The Malaysian Perspective
Marcescens was obtained at 28 and 30 8C in NB after 36 h of growth. However, pigment production decreased significantly when incubated at 37 8C (Anuradha et al. 2004). 3 Effect of Growth Media 51 Fig. 9 Different types of agricultural wastes used during the study on the effect of growth media on pigment production. 3 Effect of Growth Media C. 5 g/L] or peptone glycerol broth (PGB) [meat extract 10 g/L, peptone 10 g/L, glycerol 10% (v/v)] were transferred into a series of 1 L Erlenmeyer flasks. 0.
From the peaks, it was suggested that the main functional group for the red pigments are pyrrole, methylene, alkane and alkene. 4 Band assignments to the functional groups present in prodigiosin Band assignment Reference Wave number (cm-1) 2852 1714 1630 1604 1545 3500 2800 1500, 1565 Methylene – – – Pyrrole ring structure Amide groups Methylene Pyrrole ring structure Song et al. (2000) Rustom et al. 3590 mg L-1. 2734 mg L-1. The main functional groups observed were: saturated alkane, amine, methyl (primary), methyl (secondary), methyl (tertiary), esters, acetylenic, ethers, alcohols and vinylic.
FEMS Microbiol Lett 8:87–91 Gillis M and Logan N A (2005) Genus IV. Chromobacterium Bergonzini 1881, 153AL. ). Bergey’s manual of systematic bacteriology, 2nd edn, vol 2, part C. Springer,New York, pp 824–827 Hoshino T, Kondo T, Uchiyama T, Ogasawara N (1987) Biosynthesis of violacein: A novel rearrangement in tryptophan metabolism with 1, 2-shift of the indole Ring. Agr Chem Biotechno 51:965–968 Hugo CJ, Segers P, Hoste B, Vancanneyt M, Kersters K (2003) Chryseobacterium joostei sp. , isolated from the dairy environment.