By Warren D. TenHouten
Founded upon the psychoevolutionary theories of Darwin, Plutchik and Izard, a basic socioevolutionary thought of the feelings - affect-spectrum idea - classifies a large spectrum of the sentiments and analyzes them at the sociological, mental and neurobiological levels.
This neurocognitive sociology of the sentiments supersedes the foremost theoretical views built within the sociology of feelings via displaying basic feelings to be adaptive reactions to primary difficulties of existence that have advanced into effortless social relationships and which may are expecting occurrences of the full spectrum of fundamental, advanced secondary, and tertiary emotions.
Written by means of top social theorist Warren D. TenHouten, this ebook offers an encyclopaedic type of the feelings, describing forty-six feelings intimately, and providing a basic multilevel concept of feelings and social lifestyles. The scope of insurance of this key paintings is very topical and entire, and contains the improvement of feelings in youth, symbolic elaboration of complicated feelings, feelings administration, violence, and cultural and gender alterations. whereas basic feelings have basically outlined valences, this idea exhibits that advanced feelings obey no algebraic legislations and that each one feelings have either inventive and damaging potentialities.
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Extra info for A General Theory of Emotions and Social Life
5 The idea of contamination in relation to disgust is acquired in children at about ages four to seven and in the adult undergoes considerable symbolic and cognitive elaboration. If parents are disgust sensitive, then their children will more readily develop their own disgust sensitivity and carry it into adulthood. Proper cognizing of disgust requires the separation of appearance and reality and at least implicit knowledge of the history of the contact. Rozin et al. (1994) see disgust as organized by a law of sympathetic magic, so that similarity of appearance means a deeper similarity of substance, and also by a law of contamination which holds that once in contact, always in contact.
Following chapters consider the primary dyads (the emotions one position apart in Plutchik’s 1962 wheel), the secondary dyads (two positions apart), the tertiary dyads (three positions apart), and the quaternary, or antithetical, dyads (four positions apart). Acceptance and disgust Acceptance Acceptance (on the functional level, incorporation) is a primary emotion present at birth. 4 Acceptance, as an emotion, means the acceptance of, or taking in of, a pleasure-producing object, especially the acceptance of another person, even of a stray dog.
If experience is above baseline, happiness will be experienced, but experience below the baseline results in unhappiness. However, set-point and aspiration-adjustment models notwithstanding, persons whose life experiences have been extremely harsh seem not only to return to their set-points but to exceed them. Those who have suffered the most are, with exceptions, happiest of all: adults who experienced the Great Depression are apt to be happier than those who did not; survivors of cancer showed greater happiness three years after treatment than matched controls (McIntosh and Martin 1992).