This number of 28 unique essays examines the various scope of John Locke’s contributions as a celebrated thinker, empiricist, and father of contemporary political theory.
Explores the influence of Locke’s notion and writing throughout a variety of fields together with epistemology, metaphysics, philosophy of technological know-how, political conception, schooling, faith, and economics.
Delves into crucial Lockean issues, reminiscent of innate principles, belief, typical varieties, loose will, common rights, non secular toleration, and political liberalism.
Identifies the political, philosophical, and spiritual contexts during which Locke’s perspectives constructed, with views from today’s major philosophers and scholars.
Offers an extraordinary reference of Locke’s contributions and his persisted impact .
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Additional resources for A Companion to Locke (Blackwell Companions to Philosophy)
We have seen that although Locke began writing the Essay to resolve questions about the extent of knowledge and the grades of belief, he was waylaid by metaphysics. It might be tempting to say that he also gets waylaid by the philosophy of language, for he spends all of Book Three (“Of Words”) investigating words and their uses and misuses before finally turning, in Book Four (“Of Knowledge and Opinion”), to the questions that are supposedly his chief concern. Yet to say this would be to fail to appreciate the degree to which Locke sees his theorizing in Book Three as necessary for the results he reaches in Book Four.
That we think of these as modern ideas may be a testament to the wide acceptance and continuing influence of Locke’s philosophy of education. Still, Grant and Hertzberg show that his theory of education is also not without its difficulties. For instance, though the goal of his program is to produce independent thinkers who challenge orthodoxies, he suggests that parents and tutors should use praise and blame to mold the characters of children, taking advantage of the fact that children greatly desire esteem.
Simmons describes Locke as holding that consenting to a political arrangement involves three steps: incorporation into a political society, consent to a particular form of government, and then entrusting particular individuals with political power. Complicating this neat picture is the fact that more than one step can be taken at the same time, and also that consent can be tacit rather than expressed. There are difficult questions about what Locke thinks that tacit consent requires, and whether he thinks that it gains one full membership in political society.