Download A Companion to American Technology (Blackwell Companions to by Carroll Pursell PDF

By Carroll Pursell

A significant other to American expertise is a groundbreaking choice of unique essays that learn the hard-to-define phenomenon of “technology” in the US. 22 unique essays by way of professional students disguise an important gains of yankee expertise, together with advancements in autos, tv, and computingAnalyzes the ways that applied sciences are prepared, akin to within the engineering occupation, executive, drugs and agricultureIncludes discussions of the way applied sciences engage with race, gender, type, and different organizing buildings in American society

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Additional info for A Companion to American Technology (Blackwell Companions to American History)

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1683) also achieved little. Successful colonial glassmaking began with Caspar and Richard Wistar’s glassworks in Salem County, New Jersey (1739–77); it produced window glass and bottles until the Revolution. The Bayard works in New York, Stiegel’s in Pennsylvania, and the Germanstown works in Quincy, Massachusetts, joined in producing utilitarian products for the domestic market in the eighteenth century. No one managed to mechanize any of the glassblowers’ work until the 1830s, when artisans first used full-size bottle molds.

Several foundries and machine shops, such as Philadelphia’s Matthias Baldwin Engine Works and Norris Locomotive Works, were set up to produce locomotives while other firms turned to build other railroad equipments. By 1840, America’s 3,326 miles of trackage far surpassed the less than 38 JAMES C. WILLIAMS 2,000 miles in all of Europe. What is more, Austria, some German states, Russia, and even Britain began importing American locomotives. Although almost all the railroads constructed during the 1830s were east of the Appalachian Mountains, the need to conquer distance in so enormous a country was urgent, and a continental expanse free of boundary and tariff restrictions lay open for development.

They might 28 ROBERT B. GORDON buy slaves or rent them from their owners. Managers often paid their slaves cash for piecework once they exceeded an agreed upon output. Middle-Atlantic colonies had the greatest ethnic diversity – British, Dutch, and German with lesser additions of French, Swedes, Scots, and Irish – and profited from the selection of the most useful components of the technologies that each ethnic group brought to the New World. McGaw’s study of probate inventories shows that German farmers had many more tools for spreading dung on their fields, as well as grain fans and scythes with cradles, than did their British neighbors.

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