By Raymond Seroul

The final 20 years have witnessed a revolution within the realm of typography, with the digital disappearance of hot-lead typesetting in desire of the so-called electronic typesetting. the primary at the back of the hot know-how is easy: think a really tremendous mesh superimposed on a sheet of paper. electronic typesetting is composed in darkening the best pixels (tiny squares) of this mesh, in styles comparable to every one personality and image of the textual content being set. the particular darkening is completed by means of a few printing gadget, say a laser printer or phototypesetter, which has to be informed precisely the place the ink may still pass. because the mesh is particularly fine-the dashes surrounding this sentence are a few six pixels thick, and greater than 2 hundred pixels long-the printer can merely be managed by way of a working laptop or computer software, which takes a "high-level" description of the web page when it comes to textual content, fonts, and formatting instructions, and digests all of that into "low-level" instructions for the printer. TEX is this sort of application, created via Donald E. Knuth, a working laptop or computer scientist at Stanford University.

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Additional info for A Beginner’s Book of TEX

Example text

434--435. And here is a short text in Berber, a North African language. To get "( and E you can use the abbreviations \g and \e, after having defined them in the following way: \def\e{$\varepsilon$} \def\g{$\gamma$}. Yenna-yas: J:tul). ~~u lejnan. Ma d ayefki, yenna-yas: rul). a"(tixsi tamezgult, zlu-t, tazuQ-t, twenEeQ-t irkweli, tawiQ-t "(er uqemmuc l-l"(ar t-tizemt. Yenna-yas: \d Ru\d h \d z\d zu lejnan. Ma d ayefki, yenna-yas: \d ru\d h a\g tixsi tamezgult, zlu-\c t, tazu\d d-\c t, twen\e e\d d-\c t irkweli, tawi\d d-\c t \g er uqemmuc l-l\g a\d r t-tizemt.

To obtain a vertical space that TBC can never throw out, use \ vgl ue , or \ topgl ue at the top of a page. For instance, to start your first page two inches from the top margin, say \topglue 2in at the top of your document; chapter 7 has more applications. You can use plus and minus with \vglue and \topglue. The \kern command is ambiguous: its effect depends on the current mode. In horizontal or math mode, \kern creates horizontal space, while in vertical mode, Spacing, glue and springs 45 it creates vertical space.

0, on the one hand (no space after the accent), and \b 0, \v 0 on the other (space required). Here are some examples: l\'ese-majest\'e ---+ lese-majeste Fr\" aulein ---+ Fraulein \v Cekoslovensko ---+ Cekoslovensko na\"\i ve ---+ naIve na \ "{\i}ve ---+ naIve When an 'i' gets an accent, it should first be deprived of its dot. That's why we use the control sequence \i in the last two lines above. As usual, we have to leave a space after it or enclose it in braces. The same remarks apply to 'j', whose dotless version is obtained by typing \j .